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  Salacia chinensis L.
  Family Name : Celastraceae

  Synonyms : Salacia prinoides, Salacia latifolia

  Common Names : Akan Pelanduk, Anok, Daun Puyu, Ki Telor, Mata Pelanduk, Matang Ulang

  Chinese Name : 五层龙

Akan Pelanduk,Anok,Daun Puyu,Ki Telor,Mata Pelanduk,Matang Ulang
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      India, Sri Lanka, China, and Southeast Asia to New Guinea
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest; Coastal Forest; Riverine)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Vulnerable (VU))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a climber, or climbing shrub, and rarely a tree.
      Foliage: Its stalked leaves are in opposite pairs, each pair at right angles to the next. Its slightly leathery leaf blades are egg-shaped, broadly oval to lance-shaped, and 417 by 1.89.5 cm.
      Flowers: The yellowish or yellowish-green, stalked flowers grow in clusters or bundles of few to many flowers. They also have ring-shaped to cushion-like disks.
      Fruits: Its round fruits are red or orange-red when ripe and 1.3–2 cm wide. Each fruit usually has one spherical seed that is 1–1.5 cm wide.
      Habitat :
      It grows in forests along the seashore and sandy riverbanks, and in lowland primary forests up to 450 m altitude. It occurs locally in Mandai Forest and Pulau Ubin.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect-pollinated. Its fruits are probably eaten by mammals.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Latin Salacia, from Greek mythology, the wife of Neptune, goddess of the sea; Latin chinensis, of China, referring to one locality in the natural distribution of this species
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: Its fruits contain a little pulp, which is edible.)
      Medicinal (Its roots are used as an astringent, against amenorrhoea, and to cause abortion. )
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It may be suitable for parks.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Fruits
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Saline Soils / Salt Spray, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Coastal, Trellis / Arbour / Pergola
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate; Oval; Lanceolate; Elliptical)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Flower Symmetry :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Orange, Red
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Berry)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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