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  Calendula officinalis
  Family Name : Asteraceae (Compositae)

  Common Names : Pot Marigold

 
Pot Marigold
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Herbaceous Plant
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Annual
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Maximum Height :
      0.3 m to 0.5 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is an annual herbaceous plant with bright yellow to deep orange daisy-like flowers. Plant can grow up to 50 cm tall with a spread of 50 cm across.
      Foliage: Leaves are aromatic, and lance-shaped to oblong shaped, measuring up to 15 cm long.
      Flowers: Flowers are bright yellow to deep orange in colour. Flowers are daisy-like flowerheads.
      Fruits: Dry, thorny fruit is golden brown and crescent-shaped. It is botanically classified as an achene.
      Cultivation :
      Plant on fertile, well-drained soils under full sun to semi-shade. Pinch plant to encourage a more bushy growth, remove spent flowers to allow additional flowering.
      Etymology :
      The genus Calendula means first day of the month.
      The specific epithet officinalis means sold in shops, and belived to have medicinal properties.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Flowers)
      Food (Herb & Spice: The flowers are used to make a tea which is said to soothe an irritated digestive system.)
      Medicinal (The flower is used to treat wounds and rashes, as well as prevent infection. It is thought to reduce inflammation, control spasms and prevent fungal growth. It is taken orally and as a topical ointment. This herb may not be safe for pregnant women, as it might increase the chance of miscarriage.)
      [Others]: The essential oil is thought to repel insects.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Flowerbed / Border, Container Planting
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Butterfly Food Plant
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water, Little Water
      Potential Problems :
      No serious pest or disease problems. May be attacked by aphids and whiteflies.
      Diseases :
      Susceptible to powdery mildew.
      Pest(s) :
      Sucking Insects
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Green
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Obovate; Oblong)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Serrate / Toothed
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Acute, Obtuse
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Orange, Yellow / Golden
      FlowerTexture(s) :
      Smooth
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Axillary, Terminal
      Flower Symmetry :
      Radial
      Inflorescence Type :
      Head / Capitulum
      Flowering Period :
      Free-Flowering
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Brown
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Thorny / Spiny
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Indehiscent Dry Fruit
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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