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  Poikilospermum suaveolens (Blume) Merr.
  Family Name : Urticaceae

  Common Names : Akar Murah, Akar Setawan, Ara Jankang, Centawan, Mentawan, Tentawan

  Chinese Name : 锥头麻

Akar Murah,Akar Setawan,Ara Jankang,Centawan,Mentawan,Tentawan
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      India, southeast China, Myanmar, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, the Philippines, south Thailand, the Nicobar Islands, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, Java, Sulawesi, and the Moluccas
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest; Freshwater Swamp Forest; Riverine)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Vulnerable (VU))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a large epiphytic, climbing shrub.
      Foliage: Its alternate, stalked leaves have leaf blades that are broadly egg-shaped-oblong, and 10-60 by 2-25 cm, with purplish veins beneath.
      Flowers: Its flowers are tiny, with male flowers 1.5-2 mm long, and female flowers 3-7 mm long, pink in colour. The flowers are borne on branched head-like clusters, with the male clusters 2.5-3.5 cm wide, and female clusters 5-9 cm wide.
      Fruits: Its fruits are oblong-obovoid, warty achenes, 3-5 mm.
      Habitat :
      It grows along rivers and streams, and in brushwood and open forests, up to 1500 m altitude.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are visited by ants, small stingless bees, the olive-backed sunbird, and the plain sunbird.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated from seed or stem cuttings.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal (The juice of pounded leaves or leaf decoctions was used for treating fevers and kidney ailments. The leaves and roots are used to poultice fever and itch. Aerial roots are smoked to treat nose ulcers or as a stimulant. The aerial roots and stem when cut, provide drinking water. The juice of the stem can also be used for treating eyesores.)
      [Others]: The fibre-rich bark is used to make rope.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable for parks and gardens by pruning it to take on the habit of a shrub.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils, Easy to Grow
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bird-Attracting (Flowers), Caterpillar Food Plant (Leaves; Associated with: Neptis harita harita Moore, 1875)
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Bee); Insects (Ant, Beetle, Fly, Thrip, Wasp))
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Brown, Orange
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate, Rosulate / Rosette
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Elliptical; Oblong)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual Flowers (Dioecious)
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Inflorescence Type :
      Head / Capitulum
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Indehiscent Dry Fruit (Achene)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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