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  Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr.
  Family Name : Myrtaceae

  Common Names : Allspice, Jamaica Pepper, Pimento

  Chinese Name : 多香果

Allspice,Jamaica Pepper,Pimento
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Small (6m-15m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Maximum Height :
      15 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      The exact origin is not known but it is indigenous to the west indies and central America.
      Native Habitat :
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form:

      It can grow up to 15 m tall.


      Leaves are slightly leathery, in opposite arrangement and dotted with glands which gives off aromatic smell when crushed. Leaves are elliptical (6 – 15 cm x 3 – 6 cm) which is green on the upper surface and pale green on the underside. Leaf has entire margin, tapering base and rounded apex.


      Inflorescence is 5 – 15 cm long and paniculate. Flower (8 – 10 mm diameter) is aromatic and comprises of 4 white reflexed petals. Though flower are bisexual, there is functionally male and female trees which have 80 – 100 and 40 – 50 stamens respectively. Ovary is inferior.


      Fruit is a subglobose berry (4 – 6 mm in diameter) which is green when unripe turning glossy purple to black on ripening. Fruit contains sweet pulpy flesh and usually 2-seeded with spirally coiled embryo.

      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Food (Herb & Spice)

      Grounded dried fruit is used as a curing agent in processed meats and bakery products; and flavouring ingredient for domestic culinary purposes. It is said to taste like a mixture of cinnamon, clove and nutmeg, hence the name allspice. Ripe fruits, together with rum and other liquors, are used to make Pimento dram, a Jamaican drink. Essential oil is extracted from the fruits and used to make soaps and perfume. Fruit decoction is reported to cure colds, menorrhagia and stomach-ache.

  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Form, Fragrant
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Economic Garden
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Black, Purple
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Glossy / Shiny
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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