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  Schefflera elliptica (Blume) Harms in Engl. & Prantl
  Family Name : Araliaceae

  Common Names : Ara Bebari, Bunga Kuku Langsuir, Cenama Gajah

  Chinese Name : 密脉鹅掌柴

Ara Bebari,Bunga Kuku Langsuir,Cenama Gajah
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana, Shrub (Woody)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      10 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      From southern China, throughout Southeast Asia (including Singapore), to Christmas Island, Mismarck Archipelago, and northern Australia.
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Mountain; Secondary Rainforest; Coastal Forest; Riverine; Grassland / Savannah/ Scrubland), Shoreline (Mangrove Forest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Vulnerable (VU))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a woody climber or straggling shrub, up to 10 m tall.
      Foliage: Its alternate, stalked, palmate leaves have 4-7 leaflets that are 6-18 by 2.5-10 cm.
      Flowers: Its greenish flowers are arranged in a 10-flowered cluster.
      Fruits: Its fruits are round to egg-shaped, ripening from yellow or orange to black.
      Habitat :
      It grows in lowland and hill forests or scrub, limestone hills, mangrove forests or scrub, limestone hills, mangrove and secondary forests up to 2,500 m altitude. It also grows along coasts and rivers.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are pollinated by insects and the fruits are eaten by birds.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated from seed or stem cuttings.
      Etymology :
      Latin Schefflera, commemorating Jakob Scheffler, a physician in Poland; Latin elliptica, elliptic, referring to the shape of the leaflets.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal (It has several medicinal uses including treatment for coughs, edema, toothache, and wounds, and for prevention of scurvy.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable for growing along roadsides, parks and gardens as a shrub.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Saline Soils / Salt Spray, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Coastal, Beachfront / Shoreline, Riverine, Flowerbed / Border
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Lots of Water, Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Compound (Palmate)
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate; Oval; Elliptical)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Inflorescence Type :
      Compound Umbel
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Black, Orange, Yellow / Golden
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Berry)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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