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  Artocarpus kemando Miq.
  Family Name : Moraceae

  Synonyms : Artocarpus brunneifolia, Artocarpus maingayi, Artocarpus sumatranus

  Common Names : Squirrel's Jack, Cempedak Air

Squirrel's Jack,Cempedak Air
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Big (>30m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      35 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and Borneo
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest; Freshwater Swamp Forest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Endangered (EN))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a tree up to 35 m tall, with short buttresses.
      Foliage: Its spirally arranged, stalked leaves have leathery leaf blades that are oval to almost drop-shaped, 3–18 by 1.5–10 cm, distinctly tipped, and sparsely covered with fine, white hairs. Its leaf parts also exude white latex when damaged.
      Flowers: The species is monoecious, bearing both male and female flowers on the same plant. Its flowering cluster (head) is found singly, or in pairs, at leaf axils, or on twigs behind the leaves. The male flower heads are cylindrical, and 2–4 cm long.
      Fruits: Its fruit cluster (infructescence) is ellipsoid to rather rounded, up to 4.5 by 3.5 cm, and found at leaf axils, or twigs behind the leaves. The cluster bears ellipsoid fruits that are up to 8 mm long each.
      Habitat :
      It grows in lowland evergreen forests up to 900 m altitude, often in swampy places. It occurs locally in the Central Catchment Nature Reseve including Nee Soon Swamp Forest.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its fruits are eaten by tree-living mammals such as civet cats, monkeys, and squirrels.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Greek artos, bread; Greek karpos, fruit, hence breadfruit, Artocarpus altilis; kemando, the Sumatran vernacular name of this species
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: The fruits are edible.)
      Timber & Products (Household utensils, and door or window frames may be made using the timber, also known as terap.), Cultural / Religious (

      Heritage Tree : 
      There is currently one individual of Artocarpus kemando listed as a Heritage Tree in Singapore. It can be found at Turnhouse Park. To find out more about these trees, please visit the Heritage Tree Register.
      [Others]: The latex is substituted for coconut oil in cooking. Bird-lime can also be made using the latex. 
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable for planting in parks and gardens.
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Lots of Water, Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Foliar Modification :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate, Spiral
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Obovate; Oval)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual Flowers (Monoecious)
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Green - Light Green
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Fruit Classification :
      Multiple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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