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  Cucurbita moschata Duchesne
  Family Name : Cucurbitaceae

  Synonyms : Cucurbita pepo var. moschata

  Common Names : Pumpkin

  Chinese Name : 南瓜

  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana, Shrub (Creeper)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Tropical Asia, South America, North America
      Native Habitat :
      Local Conservation Status :
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Herbaceous climbing or creeping vine.
      Foliage: The leaves are egg- to heart-shaped or approximately round with 3-5 egg-shaped or triangular lobes (25-30 cm long, 20-25 cm wide). The leaf stalk is 30 cm long or more.
      Stems: The stems are hard and 5-angled with grooves and are covered with white hairs. 
      Flowers: Both female and male flowers are yellow, solitary, and bell- to saucer-shaped with 5 egg-shaped lobes. Compared to female flowers, the male flower is borne on a longer floral stalk (16-18 cm vs. 3-8 cm), the sepals are less leaf-like, and they are about the same size or larger (5-13.5 cm long vs. <7.5 cm long).  
      Fruits: The fruit is a pepo with a hard and 5-angled, grooved fruit stalk, enlarged where it is attached to the fruit. The fruit is variable in shape size and colour. Each fruit contains large numbers of yellowish-white seeds which are egg-shaped to elliptical with a thickened margin. 
      Cultivation :
      It is best grown under full sun, in well-drained and fertile growing medium in neutral to slightly acidic conditions. It does not do well in waterlogged conditions. The gourds will be ready to harvest 90-120 days after sowing seed depending on the cultivar.
      Etymology :
      The genus Cucurbita means gourd in Latin and the specific epithet moschata means musky.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits; Edible Leaves; Edible Flowers; Edible Stems; Edible Seeds)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: The immature and mature fruit is eaten cooked as a vegetable and used in soups in South-East Asia. It is also used in desserts. The seeds can be cooked and eaten, oil can also be extracted from the seeds. )
  • Landscaping Features
    • Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Trellis / Arbour / Pergola
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Economic Garden
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Bee))
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed / Spore Germination Duration :
      7 Days
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Velvety / Furry / Tomentose
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage
      Foliar Venation :
      Foliar Margin :
      Serrate / Toothed, Denticulate
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual Flowers (Monoecious)
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Yellow / Golden
      FlowerTexture(s) :
      Flower Grouping :
      Flower Location :
      Flower Symmetry :
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Campaulate / Bell-shaped, Saucer-shaped
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Cream / Off-White, Green, [Remarks] (Beige)
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Smooth, [Remarks] (Ribbed)
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Pepo)
      Mature Seed Colour(s) :
      [Remarks] (orange-brown, yellowish brown, yellowish white)
      Mature Seed Texture(s) :
      Seed Quantity per Fruit :
      Numerous (>20)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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