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  Cynanchum ovalifolium Wight
  Family Name : Asclepiadaceae

  Common Names : Akar Bano

Akar Bano
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      India, Malesia, and north Queensland
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest; Monsoon Forest; Disturbed Area / Open Ground)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Vulnerable (VU))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a slender, herbaceous climber which exudes latex.
      Foliage: Its opposite, stalked, leaves have membranous to thinly leathery leaf blades that are simple, oblong-lance-shaped to egg-shaped, 7.5–12 cm by 3–5 cm, have 7–8 pairs of lateral veins, and a pair of reduced leaves (resembling stipules) often found in the axils.
      Flowers: Its flowers are bisexual, greenish-yellow, and arranged in 4–14-flowered, stalked clusters that are 1.5 cm long and subtended by a pair of round leaves 0.7 cm wide.
      Fruits: Its fruit is a follicle, egg-shaped-lance-shaped, up to 10 by 3.5 cm when splitting open, green or yellow when mature, and smooth. Its seeds are pear-shaped and 1 by 0.7 cm.
      Habitat :
      It is found rainforests and monsoon forests, sometimes in open forests, up to 300 m altitude.
      Associated Fauna :
      It is the caterpillar food plant for the Plain Tiger (Danaus chrysippus chrysippus) and the Common Tiger (Danaus genutia genutia). 
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed and stem cutting.
      Etymology :
      Greek cynanchum, dog strangler; Latin ovalifolium, oval-leafed
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves)
      Food (Herb & Spice: Its young leaves are used as a relish in the Moluccas.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It may be suitable for parks and gardens, growing on trellises and pergolas.
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Vertical Greenery / Green Wall, Trellis / Arbour / Pergola
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Naturalistic Garden, Butterfly Garden
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Caterpillar Food Plant (Leaves; Associated with)
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Abiotic (Wind)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting (Softwood)
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate; Lanceolate; Oblong)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Green, Yellow / Golden
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Flower Symmetry :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Green, Yellow / Golden
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Follicle)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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