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  Capsicum annuum (red bell pepper)
  Family Name : Solanaceae

  Common Names : Capsicum

  Chinese Name : 灯笼椒

 
Capsicum
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Annual
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Annual herb with erect growth form.
      Flowers: White, star-shaped flowers hang downwards from the stem. They are composed of 5 triangular, slightly cupped petals.
      Fruits: Shiny, smooth fruits are botanically classified as berries. The flesh is crisp and juicy with a mild flavour. The skin is initially medium green and later turns to red. The interior is mostly filled with air and a large number of cream-coloured, disk-shaped seeds.
      Cultivation :
      Keeping the fruit longer on the plant before harvesting increases its sweetness and Vitamin C content. 
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: Red bell peppers are widely consumed raw or cooked as a vegetable. They are rich in vitamins A and C. Cooking the peppers at higher heat for longer periods of time may destroy some of their nutrient content. The green bell peppers sold in supermarkets are typically red bell peppers that were harvested before they could turn red.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Thematic Landscaping :
      Economic Garden
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Elliptical)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire - Wavy / Undulate
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Acuminate
      Foliar Base :
      Cuneate
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      White
      FlowerTexture(s) :
      Smooth
      Flower Symmetry :
      Radial
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Stellate / Star-shaped
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Green
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Berry)
      Mature Seed Colour(s) :
      Cream / Off-White
      Mature Seed Texture(s) :
      Smooth
      Seed Quantity per Fruit :
      Numerous (>20)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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