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  Brassica rapa (xiao bai cai)
  Family Name : Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

  Common Names : Bok Choy, Pak Choi

  Chinese Name : 小白菜

Bok Choy,Pak Choi
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Herbaceous Plant
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Maximum Height :
      15 cm to 20 cm
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Biennial herb up to 0.2 m tall.
      Foliage: Leaves are arranged in loose, erect heads. The oval leaf blade is about 13 cm long and 8 cm wide, thin and hairless. The leaf margin is lined with minute, soft teeth. The petiole (leaf stalk) is light green to greenish white near the leaf blade and whitish near the base. The leaf bases are slightly cupped like a soup spoon and overlap one another. 
      Cultivation :
      It tends to prefer cooler temperatures of 15-20 degrees Celsius. However, there are varieties that are adapted to tropical climates and have been successfully grown in Singapore.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: The leaves are commonly consumed as a cooked vegetable in Asian cuisine. They are often briefly stir-fried with garlic and ginger or placed in soups shortly before serving. The entire leaf including the petiole is eaten.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Economic Garden
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
      Seed / Spore Germination Duration :
      3 Days
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green - Light Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Rosulate / Rosette
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Oval)
      Foliar Venation :
      Foliar Margin :
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Foliar Base :
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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