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  Neoscortechinia sumatrensis S.Moore
  Family Name : Euphorbiaceae

 
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree
      Maximum Height :
      33 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Sumatra, Malaysia, Singapore, and north Borneo
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a tree up to 33 m tall, with buttress roots occasionally present in mature trees.
      Foliage: Its spirally arranged, stalked leaves have leathery leaf blades that are oval to drop-shaped, 6.6–24 by 3.4–8.5 cm, and with almost toothed to toothed edges. There are 2 raised glands on each side of the leaf blade base adjoining the leaf stalk.
      Flowers: The plant is dioecious, producing unisexual flowers on different individuals. Its male flowers are 2–2.5 mm wide, while the female flowers are 3.3–4.5 mm wide. Both the apetalous flowers are fragrant, yellow, and arranged in branched clusters on the flowering shoots which develop from the leaf axils.
      Fruits: Its 1-seeded fruits are ellipsoid, 1.7–3.3 by 1.1–2.1 cm, and grey owing to the presence of dense, fine hair. Its seeds are 1.5–2.6 by 0.9–1.3 cm and embedded in the red, fleshy, fruit pulp.
      Habitat :
      It grows mainly in peat swamp and freshwater swamp forests. It is also found in lowland, dryland primary and secondary forests up to 250 m altitude. It occurs locally in the vicinity of Seletar Reservoir, Nee Soon Swamp Forest, and Bukit Kallang Forest
      Associated Fauna :
      Its fruits and seeds may be eaten and dispersed by birds.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Latin neoscortechinia, the new Scortechinia, commemorating Reverend Benedetto Scortechini (1845–1886); Latin sumatrensis, of Sumatra, referring to the species’ first original collection in Sumatra, Indonesia
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      None
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bird-Attracting
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Lots of Water, Moderate Water
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Leathery
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Yellow / Golden
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Silver / Grey
  • References
    • Ang, W. F., A. F. S. L. Lok, K. Y. Chong & H. T. W. Tan. 2010. Status and Distribution in Singapore of Neoscortechinia sumatrensis S.Moore (Euphorbiaceae). Nature in Singapore. 3. 333–336
      van Welzen, P. C.. 1994. Taxonomy, Phylogeny, and Geography of Neoscortechinia Hook.f. ex Pax (Euphorbiaceae). Blumea. 39. 301–318
      Whitmore, T. C.. 1973. Euphorbiaceae. Tree Flora of Malaya. 2: 34–136

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