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  Encephalartos ferox G.Bertol
  Family Name : Zamiaceae

  Synonyms : Encephalartos kosiensis

  Common Names : Zuzuland Cycad, Tongaland Broodboom

Zuzuland Cycad,Tongaland Broodboom
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Gymnosperms (Non-Flowering Seed Plants) (Cycad)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      South Africa, Mozambique
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Coastal Forest; Grassland / Savannah/ Scrubland)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Local Conservation Status :
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Cycad, stemless or sometimes has short stem, grows up to 1 m tall and 25 - 30 cm in diameter.
      Foliage: Foliage 1 - 2 m long, dark green, very glossy texture, petiole straight with 1 - 6 prickles, collar at leaf-base is absent, slightly V-angled along the rachis and reduced to spines when nearing towards the leaf base. Leaflets often overlapping downwards, ovate in shape, measures up to 200 x 70 mm, margin flat or incurved with 1 - 3 teeth on each side. 
      Flowers: Both male and female cones are borne on separate plants. Male cones 1 - 3 (older ones can have as many as 10 cones), fusiform (spindle-shaped), measures 40 - 50 cm long and 8 - 10 cm in diameter, bright orange - red or scarlet. Female cones 1 - 5, ovoid shaped, measures 25 - 50 cm long and 20 - 40 cm in diameter, orange - red. 
      Fruits: Female cone bears around 500 seeds which are oblong in shape, 4.5 - 5 cm long and 1.5 - 2 cm in diameter, bright red to black .
      Habitat :
      Common at evergreen coastal forest, to dense shrubland, and grassland areas.
      Cultivation :
      Grows well in frost free area, prefers shady conditions of well-drained soil.
      Etymology :
      The genus Encephalartos means bread of the head, which refers to the bread-like food made from the plant caudex's pulp.
      The specific epithet ferox means very prickly.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Stems)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: The Afrikaans in the past used the plant stems as source of food.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      Suitable as a feature landscaping plant due to its foliage that gives tropical impression.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Coastal, Container Planting
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Spines/Thorns - Leaf
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Sucker, Division
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Glossy / Shiny
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Young Flush Texture(s) :
      Glossy / Shiny
      Foliar Modification :
      Spine (marginal)
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Orange, Red
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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