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  Monodora myristica (Gaertn.) Dunal
  Family Name : Annonaceae

  Synonyms : Annona myristica, Monodora borealis, Monodora claessensii, Monodora grandiflora

  Common Names : African Nutmeg, Jamaica Nutmeg, Calabash Nutmeg, Ehuru

 
African Nutmeg,Jamaica Nutmeg,Calabash Nutmeg,Ehuru
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Big (>30m); Medium (16m-30m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      West Africa
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: A medium to large sized tree grows up to 35 m tall.
      Foliage: The simple, alternate leaves are oblong to elliptical, measuring up to 45 cm long and 20 cm wide. Upperside (adaxial surface)of the leaf is dark-green, while the underside (abaxial surface) is paler. New leaves are purplish in color.
      Flowers: The aromatic flowers are pendant with a long pedicle measuring up to 20 cm long. The outer three petals are yellow with red spots and waved edges. The inner three petals form a cone in the center of the flower, paler-yellow with purplish red spots.
      Fruits: The large and woody fruit is a berry, globose, measuring about 20 cm in diameter. Numerous seeds are embedded in creamy-white pulp which has a sweet scent.
      Etymology :
      Monodora means 'only one gift' in Greek, indicating the solitary fruit. myristica is the genus name of the nutmeg, probably alluding that the seeds of this plant have a similar scent and taste of the real nutmeg.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits; Edible Seeds)
      Food (Herb & Spice: Seeds have a scent similar to the nutmeg, and are used to flavor food in African cuisine. )
      Medicinal (Seeds and bark are used in treatments of headache, digestive problems, eye diseases, etc.), Timber & Products (The wood is suitable for carpentry works.)
      [Others]: Seeds are also used to make aromatic necklaces.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Ant, Beetle, Fly, Thrip, Wasp))
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Sucker, Air-Layering
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Purple
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Red, Yellow / Golden
      Flower Grouping :
      Solitary
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Green
      Mature Seed Colour(s) :
      Brown
      Seed Quantity per Fruit :
      Numerous (>20)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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