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  Oxyceros longiflorus (Lam.) T.Yamaz.
  Family Name : Rubiaceae

  Common Names : Akar Berdara Laut

 
Akar Berdara Laut
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana, Shrub
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
  • Biogeography
    • Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Vulnerable (VU))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a semi-woody climber with straggling growth habit. 
      Foliage: Leaves are arranged oppositely along the stem, ovate-shaped, slightly wavy margin, and has pinnate venation. 
      Stems: Woody, stems and branches have sharp curved thorns which are almost hook-like to allow them to latch on other plants when it climbs. The thorns are located at the leaf nodes. 
      Flowers: Flowers are borne on clusters (called as inflorescence), umbel type. Each flower is tubular-shaped, measures at least 4 cm long and 3 cm across, fragrance similar like jasmine, petals white and then to yellow when mature. 
      Fruits: Fruits are small and berry-like, round-shaped, and green in colour. 
      Habitat :
      Commonly found at the back mangroves. 
      Cultivation :
      Can be trained into a shrub. Pruning has to be done carefully as the climber has sharp spines on the leaf axils.
      Etymology :
      The genus Oxyceros means sharp-horned, which refers to the plant thorns.
      The specific epithet longiflorus means long flowers.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      None
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Fragrant (Flowers: Time Independent)
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Spines/Thorns - Stem/Branch
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Butterfly Food Plant (Flower Nectar)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Foliar Modification :
      Spine (axillary)
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Opposite
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire - Wavy / Undulate
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Acute
      Foliar Base :
      Rounded / Obtuse
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      White, Yellow / Golden, [Remarks] (White at first, and turn to yellow as matures.)
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Terminal
      Flower Symmetry :
      Radial
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Tubular
      Inflorescence Type :
      Umbel
      Flowering Period :
      Free-Flowering
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit

   Last updated on:

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