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  Agelaea macrophylla (Zoll.) Leenh.
  Family Name : Connaraceae

  Common Names : Akar Pinang Ketul, Akar Pinang Kutai

Akar Pinang Ketul,Akar Pinang Kutai
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Java, Sumatra, Bali, Lingga Archipelago, Peninsular Malaysia, and Borneo
      Native Habitat :
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form:

      It is a climber.


      Its alternate, stalked leaves are trifoliate. The leathery leaf blades are longitudinally ridged, may or may not be covered with hair, have mucus cells above which are seen as pits when dry, and have veins that are rarely minutely covered with hair below. The terminal leaftlet blade is narrowly elliptic to elliptic, sometimes slightly oblique, with a pointed tip, 11–30 by 3.7–9.4 cm, and have 7–13 lateral veins. The lateral leaflet blades are elliptic, with a pointed tip, 8.5–30 by 3–9.5 cm, and have 7–8 pairs of lateral veins.


      Its flower clusters occur at the leaf axils, are often subtended by a rudimentary leaf, have 1–4 flower branches, each 2–3 cm long, and each with 7–13 flowers that are covered with hair and have an unpleasant scent.


      Its fruit is drop-shaped, 0.9–1.9 by 0.7–0.88 cm, with a smooth to wrinkled fruit wall, sometimes with warts, and covered with hair. Its seeds are drop-shaped to cylindrical and two-thirds to three-quarters covered with the sacrotesta.

      Habitat :

      It grows in primary, secondary and swamp forests, often near streams, and on limestone vegetation, up to 750 m altitude.

      Associated Fauna :
      Observed to be a host plant of Nacaduba sanaya elioti (Jewel Four-Line Blue); Drupadia ravindra moorei (Common Posy).
      Etymology :

      Greek agelaios, forming a flock in herds, referring to the many-flowered inflorescences, Latin macrophylla, big-leaved, referring to the plant’s large leaves.

      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      [Others]: It is used for making durable ropes to make rafts or bow-nets
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Caterpillar Food Plant
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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