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  Ficus drupacea Thunb.
  Family Name : Moraceae

  Common Names : Brown Woolly Fig

  Chinese Name : 枕果榕

Brown Woolly Fig
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Maximum Height :
      35 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Sri Lanka, India, Myanmar, southern China, Thailand, Sumatra, Malay Peninsula, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Borneo, Philippines, Celebes, Moluccas and New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Australia.
      Native Habitat :
      Preferred Climate Zone :
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a strangler fig tree, up to 40 m tall, with abundant hanging aerial roots.
      Foliage: Leaves are leathery, oblong-elliptic to obovate (7 – 35 cm long and 3 – 16 cm wide), and green with reddish brown hairs on the midrib and sometimes on the underside of the leaves. Waxy glands may be present at the base of midrib. There are 6 – 14 pairs of secondary veins, where the basal pair are often indistinct and up to 1/10 to 1/4 the length of the leaf, and the tertiary veins are ladder-like. Petiole is 1 – 4.5 cm long, glabrous or densely covered in brownish hairs. Stipule is 1 – 2 cm long and falls off early.
      Fruits: Figs occurs singly or in pairs, at the leaf axils. Fig is sessile, oblong shaped (2.5 – 4 cm long and 1.2 – 2 cm wide) with 2 – 3 basal bracts and a blunt tip. Turning yellow to orange or red when mature.
      Similar :
      Ficus drupacea is similar to Ficus bracteata and Ficus consociata, but differs by having larger oblong shaped figs while F. bracteata and F. consociata have smaller and rounder figs.
      Etymology :
      Ficus, in Latin, means fig; drupacea, in Latin, means drupe-like, referring to the shape of the fig.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Cultural / Religious (Heritage Tree:
      There are several individuals of Ficus drupacea listed as Heritage Trees in Singapore. To find out more about these trees, please visit the Heritage Tree Register.
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
  • References
    • Kochummen, K. M. & R. Go. 2000. Moraceae: Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak. 3: 181–334
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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