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  Ficus subgelderi Corner
  Family Name : Moraceae

  Common Names : Akar Karak

 
Akar Karak
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree
      Maximum Height :
      30 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Indochina, Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo.
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a hemi-epiphytic strangler fig tree, up to 30 m tall.
      Foliage: Leaves are oblong to elliptic (4 – 16 cm long and 2 – 7 cm wide) with 5 – 7 pairs of lateral veins where basal pair is distinctly one quarter or half the length of the leaf base. Leaves are mostly smooth, and midrib on both upper and lower surface is minutely covered in white hairs. Waxy glands present at the base of midrib. Cystoliths are present on both sides of the leaf. Stipules is white to yellowish, distinctly hairy and falls off early. Petiole is 1 – 3 cm long with whitish hairs and dry black or brown.
      Fruits: Fig is ellipsoid to oblong (0.8 – 1.2 cm diameter), occurs in single or in parks on the branches and turn orange-red when mature. Fig has 3 persistent basal bracts (0.6 – 0.7 mm long) and ostiole is more or less open (about 0.4 cm diameter).
      Habitat :
      It is found in lowland mixed dipterocarp forest.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      None
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bird-Attracting
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Leathery
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Orange, Red
  • References
    • Berg, C. C. & E. J. H. Corner. 2005. Ficus subgenus Ficus. Flora Malesiana, Series I. 17(2): 71–136
      Kochummen, K. M. & R. Go. 2000. Moraceae: Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak. 3: 181–334

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