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  Maxomys rajah (Thomas, 1894)
  Family Name : Muridae

  Taxonomic Group : Vertebrates (Mammal)

  Common Names : Brown Spiny Rat, Rajah Spiny Rat

 
Brown Spiny Rat,Rajah Spiny Rat
  • Description
    • Description :
      Upperparts dull brown, sometimes tinged with red or orange. Underparts white, with a dark brown streak along the middle in adults. No chestnut collar at base of neck. Coat with numerous stiff spines. Tail naked and brown above; whitish below. Snout pointed.
  • Ecology, Habitat & Location
    • Ecological Notes :
      Found in mature forest. Nocturnal and active mainly on the ground where it feeds on fallen fruits, shoots and insects.
      Habitats :
      Forest, Terrestrial
      Distribution :
      In Singapore, known from the Central Nature Reserves. Distributed in the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo.
      Nature Reserves :
      Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Central Catchment Nature Reserve
  • Conservation
    • Trends & Threats :
      Habitat loss.
      Scientific Interest & Potential Value :
      This species was not known to occur in Singapore until 1995. It is of great interest to note that its close relative, the Red Spiny Rat (Maxomys surifer), was last recorded in Singapore in 1968.
      Conservation Notes :
      Protection of its natural habitat.
  • Status
    • Species Status :
      Native
      Conservation Status :
      Rare
      Singapore Red Data Book 2008 status :
      Endangered (EN)
  • References
    • Baker, N. & Lim, K. 2008. Wild animals of Singapore. Singapore: Draco Publishing and Distribution Pte Ltd. 180pp 
      Davison, G.W.H., Ng, P.K.L. & Ho, H.C (Eds.). 2008. The Singapore Red Data Book (2nd Edition). Singapore: Nature Society (Singapore). 285pp 

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