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  Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
  Family Name : Sapindaceae

  Synonyms : Cardiospermum halicacabum var. microcarpum, Cardiospermum microcarpum

  Common Names : Balloon Vine, Heart Pea, Heart Seed Vine, Love-in-a-Puff, Puffball, Winter Cherry, Smooth-leaved Heart Seed

  Chinese Name : 倒地铃, 包袱草

 
Balloon Vine,Heart Pea,Heart Seed Vine,Love-in-a-Puff,Puffball,Winter Cherry,Smooth-leaved Heart Seed
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
      True
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana, Shrub (Herbaceous; Trailing)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Irregular
      Maximum Height :
      1 m to 3 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Central America (Mexico), South America, Tropical Africa, Middle East, Temperate & Tropical Asia, Pacific
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Grassland / Savannah/ Scrubland; Disturbed Area / Open Ground)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal, Temperate, Desert / Arid
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Perennial herbaceous vine with slender, downy stems, trailing or climbing with tendrils up to 3m on support.
      Foliage: Leaves alternate, biternately compound, triangular in outline, papery-thin with serrate margins, lateral leaflets smaller than terminal leaflet.
      Flowers: Species is monoecious, with male and female flowers found on same plant. Flowers milky-white, small and inconspicuous, produced in axillary racemes with terminal tendrils.
      Fruits: Showy inflated dehiscent capsules, around 2.5cm across, 3-loculed, papery, pubescent and non-fleshy (unlike most other members of Sapindaceae family), maturing from chartreuse-green to brown, containing 3 seeds each, dispersed by wind and water. Seeds hard, 0.5cm across, black with prominent heart-shaped hilum scar that is green when fresh and white when dry.
      Habitat :
      Found in grasslands, shrublands, forest margins, wastelands and cultivated areas in native range. Considered an invasive weed in several parts of the world. Native to Malesian region, grows wild as naturalized exotic in interior and coastal wastelands of Singapore.
      Associated Fauna :
      Host plant for caterpillars of tropical American butterflies like Chlorostrymon simaethis simaethis (Silver-banded Hairstreak / St. Christopher Hairstreak), Strymon melinus (Grey Hairstreak) and Hemiargus thomasi (Miami Blue Butterfly). The Hairstreaks lay eggs on young fruits, and caterpillars feed on seeds and pupate inside capsules, while Miami Blue caterpillars feed on flower buds.
      Cultivation :
      Fast-growing, takes full sun to partial shade. Prefers well-drained soils, tolerates low soil fertility and dry weather. Pinch off new growth or tie to support to control spread. May be prone to whiteflies and aphids -- treat with insecticidal soap. Propagate by seeds (with viablilty of some 18 months) and stem cuttings.
      Etymology :
      Genus epithet 'Cardiospermum' derived from Greek terms of 'kardia' (heart) and 'sperma' (seed), a reference to the heart-shaped seed scars. Species epithet 'halicacabum' derived from Latin name for a type of herb used to treat bladder problems -- either alluding to the inflated fruits' resemblance to a bladder, and/or the plant's purported folkloric effectiveness in treating renal problems.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Stems; Edible Leaves)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable; Herb & Spice)
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Stems; Edible Leaves), Medicinal
      [Others]: Medicinal: Plant is believed to possess cooling and antiseptic properties. Traditionally used to treat fever, colds, renal edema and urinary tract infections. Pounded leaves used as external wash against skin eruptions and eczema, and as poultice for swellings and rheumatism. Leaf juice used to relieve earaches. Food: Leaves and young shoots cooked and eaten as vegetable. Products: Seed oil reportedly effective as insect repellent. Leaves can be coiled into wreaths. Dried fruit capsules can be added to floral arrangements as attractive accent.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits, Ornamental Seeds
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Dry Soils / Drought, Well-Drained Soils, Saline Soils / Salt Spray
      Landscape Uses :
      Coastal, Vertical Greenery / Green Wall, Container Planting, Hanging Basket
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Naturalistic Garden, Butterfly Garden, Economic Garden
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Invasive / Potentially Invasive, [Remarks] (Considered an invasive weed in several parts of world.)
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Caterpillar Food Plant
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Associated with: Inflated fruits float on water.), Abiotic (Wind; Water; Explosive Dehiscence)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Fast
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Moderate
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Velvety / Furry / Tomentose, Papery, Thin
      Foliar Type :
      Compound (Trifoliate)
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Serrate / Toothed
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Stem Type & Modification :
      Woody, Herbaceous
      Root Type :
      Underground (Tap Root; Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual Flowers (Monoecious)
      Flower Colour(s) :
      White
      Flower Symmetry :
      Bilateral
      Inflorescence Type :
      Panicle
      Flowering Period :
      Free-Flowering
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Brown
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Capsule)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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