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  Clitoria ternatea L.
  Family Name : Fabaceae (Leguminosae)

  Common Names : Butterfly Pea, Blue Pea, Blue Vine, Pigeon Wings, Mussel Shell Creeper, Bunga Telang

  Chinese Name : 蝶豆, 蝴蝶花豆

 
Butterfly Pea,Blue Pea,Blue Vine,Pigeon Wings,Mussel Shell Creeper,Bunga Telang
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
      True
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Irregular
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Pantropical
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Disturbed Area / Open Ground)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Of Uncertain Origin
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a slender climbing legume with short, soft hairs on the stem. It has deep roots and ornamental flowers.
      Foliage: Its stalked, alternately-arranged leaves are pinnate with 5-7 elliptic or ovate leaflets, 2.5-5 cm long. Each leaflet is thinly papery or membranous, and measuring 2.5-5 cm long and 1.5-3.5 cm wide.
      Flowers: Its solitary flowers bloom in colors ranging from white to pink, to light or dark blue, funnel-shaped, 4 cm by 3 cm, single or paired, standard obovate, notched or rounded at apex, blue with yellow base, or entirely white.
      Fruits: Its fruits are linear-oblong pods, 5-11 cm long and 0.7-1 cm wide, with a long pointed tip.
      Habitat :
      It is widely cultivated in gardens and sometimes seen growing wild in disturbed, open spaces.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are pollinated by insects.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed. The plant prefers full sunlight to semi-shade, and is adapted to a wide range of soil conditions, from sands to heavy clays with moderate fertility. Roots are deep rooted which fix nitrogen, thus, improving the quality of the soil.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Flowers)
      Food (Herb & Spice: The flowers are used to extract a blue, edible dye that is used in making traditional Malay pastries.)
      Medicinal (Traditionally, roots are used to treat abdominal swelling, sore throats and mucus disorders. Juice from the roots is mixed with cold milk as a remedy to remove phlegm and chronic bronchitis. Root powder or root juice is used as an effective remedy for abdominal swellings. Seeds mashed with honey helps relieve tonsillitis.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable for growing in parks and gardens, on trellises, pergolas or fences for its attractive blue flowers.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils, Easy to Grow
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Trellis / Arbour / Pergola, Skyrise / Balcony
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Naturalistic Garden
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bee-Attracting
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Abiotic
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Papery
      Foliar Type :
      Compound (Trifoliate; Odd-Pinnate)
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate; Elliptical)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Obtuse
      Foliar Base :
      Rounded / Obtuse
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Stem Type & Modification :
      Herbaceous
      Root Type :
      Underground (Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Blue, Purple
      Flower Grouping :
      Solitary
      Flower Location :
      Axillary
      Flower Symmetry :
      Bilateral
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Brown
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Legume / Pod)
      Mature Seed Colour(s) :
      Black
      Seed Quantity per Fruit :
      Moderate (6-10)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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