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  Dischidia nummularia R. Br.
  Family Name : Apocynaceae

  Synonyms : Dischidia gaudichaudii

  Common Names : Button Orchid, Daun pitis kecil

  Chinese Name : 圆叶眼树莲

 
Button Orchid,Daun pitis kecil
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
      True
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana, Epiphyte
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      India, Sri Lanka, China (In Southern provinces - Southern Yunnan, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan)  Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia, Pacific Islands, Southeast Asia
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest; Coastal Forest; Freshwater Swamp Forest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Common)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Slender creeping epiphyte often forming dense masses on trees on which it occurs.
      Foliage: Leaves opposite, round, dull greenish-yellow, often thick and succulent, 7mm-10mm in diameter. Young leaves occasionally with powdery bloom.
      Flowers: Flowers white to yellowish-white, about 1mm in length, occurring in umbels of 1-5 flowers.
      Fruits: Its fruits are follicles that split open at one side when mature, pale green or yellow, and 2–4 by 0.4 cm. Its seeds contain fatty substances that provide food for ants.
      Habitat :
      It grows on trees along the coasts, in mangrove, lowland and hill forests, and on limestone hills up to 550 m altitude. It can also be found on trees along roads, in villages and plantations. It occurs locally in Pulau Tekong and Pulau Ubin and many other sites on Singapore Island.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect-pollinated. The fatty substances in the seeds provide food for ants.
      Etymology :
      Greek dis, two; Greek askidion, ascidium, alluding to the leaves which may or may not develop into pitchers; Latin nummus, resembling a coin, possibly referring to the plant’s tiny, nearly circular leaves
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal (The leaves are used to treat gonorrhea and tropical sores (aphthae tropicae). Its latex is used to ease the pain from the stings of spiny catfishes.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It can withstand hot, sunny, and high wind speed conditions, and is suitable for planting on roadside trees.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Easy to Grow
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Coastal, Hanging Basket
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Abiotic
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Little Water
      Pest(s) :
      Sucking Insects
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting (Herbaceous)
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Opposite
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Cream / Off-White, White
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Axillary
      Inflorescence Type :
      Umbel
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Green, Yellow / Golden
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Follicle)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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