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  Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R.Br.
  Family Name : Convolvulaceae

  Synonyms : Ipomoea pes-caprae ssp. brasiliensis, Ipomoea biloba

  Common Names : Beach Morning Glory, Railroad Vine, Sea Morning Glory, Tapak Kuda, , Goat's Foot, Attukkal

  Chinese Name : 马鞍藤, 厚藤

Beach Morning Glory,Railroad Vine,Sea Morning Glory,Tapak Kuda,,Goat's Foot,Attukkal
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub (Trailing)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Pantropical; Somaliland, Tropical Asia, Sumatra, Malaysia, and Singapore
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Coastal Forest; Disturbed Area / Open Ground), Shoreline (Sandy Beach)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Common)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a latex-bearing, trailing creeper, with up to 30 m-long stems, and deep tap roots.
      Foliage: Its long-stalked leaves have thick, fleshy leaf blades that are variable in shape, about 2.5–10 cm long and wide, each with a notched tip.
      Flowers: Its stalked flowers are found 1–3 together from the leaf axils, and resemble those of the morning glory (Ipomoea cairica). Its flowers have pink, reddish-purple or violet petals that are joined into to a funnel-shaped structure.
      Fruits: Its 4-seeded fruits are round, about 1.3 cm-wide capsules. Its black seeds are densely covered with brown hair, and 6–10 mm long. The seeds can float and are dispersed by the ocean currents.
      Habitat :
      It grows on sandy shores, or adjacent to the granite walls of reclaimed sites, up to 600 m altitude. It occurs locally in the vicinity of Sungei Pang Sua, Changi Road, Pulau Ubin, and Pulau Tekong. It is commonly cultivated along sea walls, and reservoir embankments.
      Cultivation :
      It is propagated by seed or stem cuttings.
      Etymology :
      Greek ips, worm; Greek bomoios, similar to, meaning similar to a worm; Latin pes-caprae, foot of goat, referring to the shape of the species’ leaf blade that resembles the footprint of a goat.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable)
      Medicinal (The juice squeezed from the plant is used in Malaysia to treat fish stings. The leaves are used in Indonesia to hasten the bursting of boils; sap from the young leaves are boiled in coconut oil and used to treat sores and ulcers; and the seeds, chewed with areca nut, sooth abdominal pains and cramps. In Philippines, the boiled leaves are used to treat rheumatism.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is cultivated along windswept beaches as its deep tap-roots have the ability to bind sand. It also has attractive foliage and flowers, so grown as an ornamental creeper in coastal and inland sites on the the granite revetments of seawalls, reservoirs and canals. It seems to fizzle out after fruiting, so must be rejuvenated with regular pruning.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Dry Soils / Drought, Moist Soils, Waterlogged Soils (Drains Site), Well-Drained Soils, Saline Soils / Salt Spray
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Parks & Gardens, Coastal, Beachfront / Shoreline, Groundcover
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Abiotic (Water; Explosive Dehiscence)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Lots of Water, Moderate Water, Little Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Flower Location :
      Flower Symmetry :
      Individual Flower Shape :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Capsule)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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