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  Graptophyllum pictum 'Aureum Variegatum'
  Family Name : Acanthaceae

  Common Names : Caricature Plant

Caricature Plant
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub (Herbaceous)
      Maximum Height :
      1.5 m to 2.4 m
      Maximum Plant Spread / Crown Width :
      0.6 m to 0.8 m
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      [Others]: Growth Form: Herbaceous evergreen shrub with erect growth habit. Foliage: Opposite, glossy leaves are elliptic with entire or wavy leaf margin (13 cm long). Leaves are mostly green with a cream-coloured to yellow center that runs along the midvein. Leathery, deeply veined leaves have an uneven leaf texture. Flowers: Reddish purple or pinkish purple flowers are tubular and located near the stem tips in clusters (4 cm long, 1 cm wide). Landscaping: This cultivar is grown for its ornamental, variegated foliage which create a tropical or cottage look. It can be potted in a large container and would grow well on a sunny patio as a specimen planting. The variegated, slightly wrinkled leaves will provide colour and texture as a border or background planting. It can be pruned into an informal hedge or screen. Cultivation: This fast-growing species is easy to grow and ideal for hot, humid climates. It grows best under full sun, but tolerates partial shade. Specimens should ideally be planted 1.2 - 1.8 m apart in well-drained, slightly acidic to slightly alkaline soil enriched with compost. Soil should be consistently moist, but not waterlogged. Apply a complete, balanced fertilizer once a month for outdoor plants and twice a month for potted plants. This cultivar should be pruned to maintain a compact shape. It is usually resistant to most pests and diseases, but may be attacked by mealy bugs and aphids. Propagation: Propagate by stem cuttings which root easily. Etymology: The genus "Graptophyllum" is derived from the Greek word for inscribed ("graptos") and the Latin word for leaf ("phyllon"). The reference is to the leaves typical of species in this genus which look like they were painted. The species epithet "pictum" originates from the Latin word "pictus" which means painted or colored and refers to the colourful leaves of this species. The cultivar name 'Aurea Variegata' is derived from the Latin word for golden ("aureus"), referring to the variegated leaves which can be green and yellow.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage
      Landscape Uses :
      Container Planting
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Cream / Off-White, Green, Yellow / Golden
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny, Leathery, Raised / Sunken Veins
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Mesophyll ( 45cm2 - 182.25 cm2 )
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :

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