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  Medinilla cumingii Naudin
  Family Name : Melastomataceae

  Common Names : Chandelier Tree, Showy Melastome, Showy Medinilla, Rose Grape, Malaysian Orchid

 
Chandelier Tree,Showy Melastome,Showy Medinilla,Rose Grape,Malaysian Orchid
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub (Herbaceous; Trailing), Epiphyte
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Shrubby
      Maximum Height :
      1.2 m to 1.8 m
      Maximum Plant Spread / Crown Width :
      1.2 m to 1.8 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Philippines
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Herbaceous shrub, semi-epiphytic and growing on trees in native habitat. But usually cultivated on ground or in containers, up to 1.8m height if planted into ground.
      Foliage: Leaves large, leathery, somewhat glossy, with 5 prominently-sunken veins, slightly whorled around stems.
      Flowers: Small, 4 whitish-pink petals with purplish stamens, produced in pendant panicle clusters; flower buds whitish.
      Fruits: Fleshy globose berries, ripen from light pink to magenta to red or purplish-red over several weeks.
      Cultivation :
      Prefers bright shade and moist soils. Propagate by cuttings of older stems. Also easily propagated by seeds -- allow fruits to get very ripe on plant, before harvesting them for seeds.
      Etymology :
      Genus epithet 'Medinilla' honours José de Medinilla of Pineda, mid-19th century governor of Marianna Islands in northwestern Pacific Ocean. Species epithet 'cumingii' is named after British botanist and conchologist, Hugh Cuming (1791-1865) -- known as the "Prince of Collectors" for his immense plant (and mollusc shell) collections from the Pacific Islands, Philppines and South America.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      None
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant, Container Planting, Hanging Basket
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Naturalistic Garden
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Lots of Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Moderate
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting, [Remarks] (Use semi-hardwood cuttings. Harvest seeds from over-ripe fruit.)
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny, Leathery, Raised / Sunken Veins, Thick
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Red
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Whorled
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Oval)
      Foliar Venation :
      Parallel
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Cuspidate
      Foliar Base :
      Cuneate
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Mesophyll ( 45cm2 - 182.25 cm2 )
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Stem Type & Modification :
      Herbaceous
      Root Type :
      Underground (Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Pink, Purple, White
      Flower Symmetry :
      Radial
      Inflorescence Type :
      Panicle
      Flowering Period :
      Free-Flowering
      Flower Lifespan On Plant :
      Several Weeks
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Purple, Red
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit

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