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  Solanum melongena L.
  Family Name : Solanaceae

  Common Names : Eggplant, Aubergine, Brinjal

  Chinese Name : 茄子

  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Herbaceous Plant
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Maximum Height :
      1.5 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Indo-Burmese region
      Native Habitat :
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Erect, branching herb up to 1.5 m tall. It is a perennial plant which is commonly grown as an annual. 
      Foliage: Hairy leaves are ovate (egg-shaped) to ovate-oblong (elongated egg shape). Leaf margin is sinuately lobed, winding in and out like a repeating s-shaped pattern.
      Stems: The herbaceous stem becomes slightly woody over time.
      Flowers: Purple, funnel-shaped flowers have 5-6 pointed lobes which form a star-like shape. They are either bisexual or male.
      Fruits: The fruit, known as a berry, grows up to 40 cm long and 20 cm wide. It may be egg-shaped (with the pointed end at the base or apex), elongated or round to approximately round. The fruit has a smooth, glossy skin.
      Cultivation :
      It takes about 105-133 days from sowing to first harvest.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits; Edible Seeds)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: Fruits are typically consumed as a cooked vegetable. However, there is a light green, elongated version which is eaten raw in Indonesia.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils, [Remarks] (Grows best in sandy loam.)
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Economic Garden
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed / Spore Germination Duration :
      14 Days
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Hairy / Hirsute
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate; Oblong)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Acute, Obtuse
      Foliar Base :
      Rounded / Obtuse, Cordate
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Macrophyll ( 182.25cm2 - 1640.25 cm2 )
      Typical Foliar Size :
      3 cm to 25 cm
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual & Bisexual Flowers(Sub-dioecious)
      Flower Colour(s) :
      FlowerTexture(s) :
      Flower Grouping :
      Solitary, Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Flower Symmetry :
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Stellate / Star-shaped
      Flower Size :
      4 cm
      Inflorescence Type :
      Flowering Habit :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Black, Green, Purple, White, Yellow / Golden, [Remarks] (Mixed colours)
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Berry)
      Mature Seed Colour(s) :
      Seed Quantity per Fruit :
      Numerous (>20)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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