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  Strobilanthes crispa (L.) Blume
  Family Name : Acanthaceae

  Synonyms : Acanthus crispus

  Common Names : Bayam Karang, Pecah Batu, Batu Jin, Keci Beling

  Chinese Name : 黑面将军

Bayam Karang,Pecah Batu,Batu Jin,Keci Beling
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Maximum Height :
      1.2 m
      Maximum Plant Spread / Crown Width :
      1 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Madagascar and Indonesia (Java)
      Native Habitat :
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Local Conservation Status :
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Erect herbaceous plant, able to grow up to 1 m tall.
      Foliage: Dark green, shiny leaves are elliptic-oblong with a toothed leaf margin and rough texture (5-8 cm long, 2-5 cm wide). Leaves occur in pairs in opposite leaf arrangement.
      Stems: Stem near the branch tips is distinctly 4-sided. Immature bark is purplish, gradually turning brown at maturity.
      Flowers: Yellow, funnel-shaped flowers are arranged in a spike-like inflorescence with leafy bracts. They are seldom produced in cultivation. Flowers measure about 1.5 - 2 cm long.
      Fruits: Fruit is spindle in shape and measure about 11 cm long.
      Cultivation :
      This species resembles Strobilanthes cusia, but it has yellow flowers while those of S. cusia are purple.
      Etymology :
      Genus Strobilanthes is derived from two Greek words  - "strobilos"which means cone and  "anthos" which means flower, and refers to the plant's inflorescence. Genus crispa refers to the curly characteristic of the leaves.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves)
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves), Medicinal (In folk medicine, the leaves are used to treat cancer, diabetes, jaundice, haemorrhoids and ulcers.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Easy to Grow
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Container Planting
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Economic Garden
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Rough, Scaly
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Oval; Oblong)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire - Wavy / Undulate, Crenate
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Foliar Base :
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Notophyll ( 20.25cm2 - 45 cm2 )
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Yellow / Golden
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Flower Symmetry :
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Funnelform / Funnel-shaped
      Flowering Period :
      Flowering Habit :
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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