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  Tridax procumbens
  Family Name : Asteraceae (Compositae)

  Common Names : Coat Buttons, Kanching Baju

  Chinese Name : 羽芒菊

Coat Buttons,Kanching Baju
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Maximum Height :
      0.2 m to 0.5 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Annual to perennial herbs with decumbent stems up to 0.5 m long that lie along the ground and curve upwards near the tip.
      Foliage: Ovate to lanceolate leaves are deeply toothed in an irregular pattern. Opposite leaves.
      Flowers: Compound, daisy-like flowers are composed of yellow disk florets and 4 white ray florets.  The tip of the petal-like appendage of the ray florets is divided into 3-4 rounded lobes. 
      Fruits: Dry, indehiscent fruits are known as achenes. The brown, oblong fruits (2 mm long) are covered in silky hairs and have a 5-6 mm long pappus (a feathery appendage which helps the fruit to disperse by wind).
      Cultivation :
      This species is considered a weed in many countries and is not typically cultivated.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      [Others]: It can be used as rabbit fodder.
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bird-Attracting (Seeds; Associated with: Passer montanus), Butterfly Food Plant (Flower Nectar; Flower Pollen; Associated with: Acraea violae, Zizina otis, Appias libythea olferna (Swinhoe, 1890)), Bee-Attracting
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Butterfly, Moth); Insects (Bee); Insects (Ant, Beetle, Fly, Thrip, Wasp))
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Abiotic (Wind)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate; Lanceolate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Serrate / Toothed
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Acute, Acuminate
      Foliar Base :
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      White, Yellow / Golden
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Flower Symmetry :
      Inflorescence Type :
      Compound Head / Capitulum
      Flowering Period :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Indehiscent Dry Fruit (Achene)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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