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  Victoria amazonica
  Family Name : Nymphaeaceae

  Common Names : Santa Cruz Water Lily, Giant Water Lily

Santa Cruz Water Lily,Giant Water Lily
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Aquatic & Hydrophyte (Floating)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Brazil, Guyana, Peru, Colombia and Venezuela. 
      Native Habitat :
      Aquatic (Freshwater Pond / Lake / River)
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: A herbaceous, aquatic floater. It is a short-lived perennial. 
      Foliage: The large, circular leaves are spirally arranged and can expand up to 2.5m in diameter. The leaves have upturned rims with a notch to allow water to run off the leaf surface. The lower leaf surface and petiole is covered with sharp spines to deter animals from eating the leaves. The lower leaf surface has a network of raised veins which trap air, allowing the leaves to float on the water surface. 
      Flowers: The fragrant flower blooms at night and is white on the first night, it turns pink on the second night. It is pollinated by beetles. 
      Habitat :
      It is found in the backwaters of rivers. 
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Waterlogged Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Pond / Lake / River
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Water Garden
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Spines/Thorns - Stem/Branch, Spines/Thorns - Leaf
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Lots of Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stolon / Runner, [Remarks] (The seeds should be kept submersed in water for storage, the seed coat can be nicked for faster germination. )
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Venation :
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Pink, White
      Flower Grouping :

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