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  Gardenia carinata
  Family Name : Rubiaceae

  Common Names : Golden Gardenia, Kedah Gardenia, Cempaka Hutan, Chempaka Utan, Randa

  Chinese Name : 大叶黄栀

 
Golden Gardenia,Kedah Gardenia,Cempaka Hutan,Chempaka Utan,Randa
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Small (6m-15m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a tree growing up to 15 m tall.
      Foliage: Leaves are elliptic to obovate with entire leaf margin and prominent venation. Leaf underside is hairy.
      Flowers: Fragrant flowers are shaped like pinwheels. They are initially white, but turn yellow and then orange over the course of 2-3 days.  Calyx tube is five-lobed, middle marked with 5 strong keels.
      Fruits: Round fruits have about 5 distinct, evenly spaced ridges that run longitudinally. Fruits are yellowish green and later turn brown-black when dry.
      Habitat :
      Occurs in lowland and hill forests.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      None
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Fragrant (Flowers)
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Golden Garden
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Obovate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Acute
      Foliar Base :
      Attenuate
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      3.0 (Tree - Intermediate Canopy)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Orange, White, Yellow / Golden
      FlowerTexture(s) :
      Smooth
      Flower Grouping :
      Solitary
      Flower Symmetry :
      Radial
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Stellate / Star-shaped
      Flower Size :
      11.4 cm
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic

   Last updated on:

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