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  Juniperus chinensis
  Family Name : Cupressaceae

  Synonyms : Juniperus gaussenii

  Common Names : Chinese Juniper

  Chinese Name : 圆柏

Chinese Juniper
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Gymnosperms (Non-Flowering Seed Plants) (Conifer)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      China & Japan
      Native Habitat :
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: An evergreen conifer shrub growing up to 20 m tall; branches ascending with branchlets straight or slightly curved. 
      Crown: Conical form.
      Trunk: Dark grey-brown bark colour, texture fissured longitudinally. 
      Foliage: Green, needle-like juvenile foliage are narrow, awl-shaped, about 8 mm long, in pairs or in three; adult leaves scale-like, in four ranks, lying flat along stem with opposite arrangement; stiff and pointed branches spread outward at about 45 degree of angle; texture fine. 
      Flowers: Solitary, terminal. 
      Reproductive Parts (non-flowering plant): Cones, pollen cones are yellow, shape oblong-ellipsoidal, measures 4 - 6 mm long and 2 - 3 mm wide. Seed cones are on short stalks, globose-shaped, colour purple-black to purple-brown, 4 - 10 mm in diameter, each cone has 1-4 seeds. 
      Etymology :
      The genus name Juniperus comes from an ancient Latin name, iuniperus (with cognates such as Juncus, for binding, Geneva and gin).
      The specific epithet chinensis means from China.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal (The Chinese obtain a liquor brewed from the fresh leaves and use it as a tonic to treat coughs with bleeding.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Form
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Hedge / Screening, Focal Plant, Bonsai
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Propagation Method :
      Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Foliar Modification :
      Reduced / Needle-like
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.0 (Tree - Dense Canopy)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Bark Colour(s) :
      Greyish brown.
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual Flowers (Dioecious)
      Flower Colour(s) :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Yellow / Golden
      Mature Seed Colour(s) :
      Seed Quantity per Fruit :
      Few (1-5)
      Plant Sexuality (non-Angiosperm) :
      Cone / Strobilus Type :
      Arcesthida(Cupressaceae [Juniperus], Ephedraceae [Ephedra])
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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