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  Kopsia arborea Blume
  Family Name : Apocynaceae

  Synonyms : Kopsia longiflora, Kopsia scortechinii, Kopsia laxinervia, Kopsia lancibracteolata, Kopsia jasminiflora, Kopsia officinalis, Kopsia pitardii, Kopsia pruniformis

  Common Names : Shrub Vinca, Penang Sloe

Shrub Vinca,Penang Sloe
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Small (6m-15m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Broad / Mushroom / Hemispherical
      Maximum Height :
      12 m to 14 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      From Andaman and Nicobar Islands, to southern China, Thailand, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Java, eastwards to Australia (Queensland) and the Philippines.
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest; Disturbed Area / Open Ground)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Sundaland
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a tree, up to 14 m tall.
      Trunk: Its trunk grows up to 30 cm diameter, and its bark is gray in colour.
      Foliage: Its opposite, stalked leaves are elliptic, with a leathery texture, and are 4.5-30.5 cm long and 1.4-12 cm wide. The margins are wavy and curl upwards. The older leaves will change colour from green to blood red before falling off. Each leaf has 11 to 17 pairs of veins and the margins are tapers to a blunt tip.
      Flowers: Its stalked, tubular flowers are white with 5 narrow petals, and are 2-3.5 cm long and 1.4-4 cm wide. The flowers are arranged on a stalked inflorescence. They bear a slight resemblance to jasmine flowers, but are not fragrant. Free-flowering.
      Fruits: The fruits are oblong, about 2.5cm long and resemble olives. They start out green and turn blue-black and glaucous when ripened. The fruit is a drupe that contains a single large endocarp, and exudes a white sap when plucked or cut.
      Habitat :
      It grows in lowland forest and forest margins, from sea level up to 1500m altitude.
      Cultivation :
      Propagated from cuttings. Grows well in bright conditions from full sun to partial shade. Can adapt to various types of soil conditions. It does not have any major pest problems. Pruning can be done manually if required, for example pruning of spent flowers.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal (Bark can be decocted and used as an enema. Leaves and fruits of Kopsia flavida may be used to cure sore throats and tonsillitis.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is commonly planted along parks, gardens and minor roads, especially where the planting verge is narrow, due to its compact size and habit.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Elliptical)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire - Wavy / Undulate
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Acuminate, Caudate
      Foliar Base :
      Acute, Cuneate
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      3.0 (Tree - Intermediate Canopy)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Flower Symmetry :
      Individual Flower Shape :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Black, Blue
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Drupe)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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