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  Palaquium obovatum (Griff.) Engl.
  Family Name : Sapotaceae

  Common Names : Nyatoh Puteh, White Gutta, Nyatoh Putih, Nyatuh, Taban Puteh, Taban Balam Kuning

 
Nyatoh Puteh,White Gutta,Nyatoh Putih,Nyatuh,Taban Puteh,Taban Balam Kuning
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Big (>30m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Irregular
      Maximum Height :
      40 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      From India to Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and Borneo
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest; Coastal Forest; Freshwater Swamp Forest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Vulnerable (VU))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a tree up to 40 m tall with a rather cylindric crown. It produces sticky, copious latex.
      Foliage: Its spirally arranged, long-stalked leaves have almost leathery leaf blades that are usually drop-shaped, 14–30 by 6.4–15 cm, and characteristically dark brown when dried.
      Flowers: Its stalked flowers are 1–2 cm long, covered with brownish hairs, and found along the twigs behind the leaves. The flowers emit a strong smell of musang, sour milk and burnt sugar.
      Fruits: Its fruits are round, up to 2.5–3 cm wide, and contain 1–2 seeds. Its seeds are compressed oval and up to 2 by 1.8 cm.
      Habitat :
      It usually grows in limestone forests, and other types of lowland forests. It occurs locally along the Dragon Trail (Sentosa), in Nee Soon Swamp Forest, Lazarus Island, and Pulau Pawai.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect-pollinated. It is also the preferred local food plant for caterpillars of the butterfly, the Malay viscount (Tanaecia pelea pelea), the adult of which usually lays its eggs at the centre of the underside of the mature leaf blade.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Latin Palaquium, from the Filipino name of the plant, palak-palak; Latin obovatum, obovate or drop-shaped, referring to the shape of the leaf blades
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Timber & Products (The timber is durable under water, and so used in building houses and planking boats. ), Cultural / Religious (

      Heritage Tree :                                                                                                                           
      There are currently three individuals of Palaquium obovatum listed as Heritage Trees in Singapore. One can be found on Sentosa and two at Singapore Botanic Gardens. To find out more about these trees, please visit the Heritage Tree Register.
      )
      [Others]: A low quality form of natural rubber was also made using the latex produced.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It may be suitable for parks and roadsides.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Fragrant (Flowers)
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Coastal
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Caterpillar Food Plant (Leaves; Associated with: Tanaecia pelea)
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Leathery
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate, Spiral
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Obovate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      3.0 (Tree - Intermediate Canopy)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Brown, Cream / Off-White
      FlowerTexture(s) :
      Hairy / Hirsute
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Cauliflorous
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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