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  Spathodea campanulata P. Beauv.
  Family Name : Bignoniaceae

  Synonyms : Spathodea nilotica

  Common Names : African Tulip Tree, Flame of the Forest, Fountain Tree, Fire Tree, Fire Bell, Nandi Flame, Gabon Tulip Tree, Syringe Tree, Pancut-Pancut, Panchot

 
African Tulip Tree,Flame of the Forest,Fountain Tree,Fire Tree,Fire Bell,Nandi Flame,Gabon Tulip Tree,Syringe Tree,Pancut-Pancut,Panchot
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
      TRUE
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Medium (16m-30m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Oval
      Maximum Height :
      15 m to 25 m
      Maximum Plant Spread / Crown Width :
      10 m to 15 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Tropical Africa
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Secondary Rainforest; Disturbed Area / Open Ground)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Food (Herb & Spice )
      Medicinal, Timber & Products
      [Others]: Medicinal: Bark and leaves have anti-bacterial properties, used in traditional medicine in Ghana to treat wounds and burns. Leaves reported to have anti-malarial action. Stem-bark decoctions exhibit blood sugar lowering action in mice. Timber: Soft white wood used to make paper, drums and blacksmith's bellows. Products: Seeds boiled to extract poison that is applied to arrowheads. Children use flowers as water pistols, and opened seedpods as toy boats. Culture: Tree believed in some parts of Africa to possess magical propeties. Twigs used as wands by witch doctors. Flowers placed on people's doors to symbolize evil.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Naturalistic Garden
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Weak Branches, Invasive / Potentially Invasive
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bird-Attracting
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Vertebrates (Bird); Vertebrates (Bat))
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Abiotic (Wind; Explosive Dehiscence)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Fast
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Moderate
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting, Root Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Raised / Sunken Veins
      Foliar Type :
      Compound (Odd-Pinnate)
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Opposite
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Oval; Oblong)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      3.0 (Tree - Intermediate Canopy)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Trunk Type (Non-Palm) :
      Woody
      Bark Colour(s) :
      Light Grey
      Mature Bark Texture :
      [Remarks] (Warty)
      Stem Type & Modification :
      Woody
      Root Type :
      Underground (Tap Root; Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Orange, Red
      Inflorescence Type :
      Raceme
      Flower Lifespan On Plant :
      [Remarks] (3 days)
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Brown
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Capsule)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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