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  Cleome hassleriana Chodat
  Family Name : Capparaceae

  Synonyms : Cleome houtteana, Cleome spinosa, Cleome pungens, Cleome hasslerana

  Common Names : Spider Flower, Spider Plant, Grandfather's Whiskers

 
Spider Flower,Spider Plant,Grandfather's Whiskers
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub (Herbaceous)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Annual
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Shrubby
      Maximum Height :
      0.9 m to 1.5 m
      Maximum Plant Spread / Crown Width :
      0.5 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Southern South America (Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, SE Brazil)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Temperate
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      [Others]: Herbaceous annual shrub, up to 1.5m height. Leaves palmately compound (shape resembles Cannabis species - Marijuana), strongly scented, glandular - slightly sticky when rubbed. Thicker stems have sharp spines at base of leaflets.Flowers in dense terminal raceme inflorescences, showy pink, lavender or white petals, long thread-like stamens, attract bees, butterflies and birds. Fruits are long thin capsules (15cm by 3mm), many-seeded, brown and dehiscent when mature. Seeds greenish-brown, comma-shaped.Ideal for flower beds, along fences, in large containers. Suitable for bird and butterfly gardens. Prefers well-drained soils. Established plants are drought-tolerant. Prune off side-shoots for tall slender plants, remove central bud when plant is 30cm tall for shorter, bushier form. Remove spent flowers to prolong flowering. Propagate by seeds - plant also freely self-seeds.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      None
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage, Fragrant (Flowers: Day, Time Independent; Foliage; [Remarks]: Strongly scented. Aromatically minty to some, pungent to others.)
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Dry Soils / Drought, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils, Easy to Grow
      Landscape Uses :
      Flowerbed / Border, Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant, Container Planting
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Naturalistic Garden, Wildflower Garden, Butterfly Garden
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Spines/Thorns - Stem/Branch, [Remarks] (Spines on thick stems at leaf bases. Leaves are resinous and slightly sticky to the touch.)
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bird-Attracting, Caterpillar Food Plant
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Butterfly, Moth); Insects (Bee); Insects (Ant, Beetle, Fly, Thrip, Wasp); Vertebrates (Bird); Vertebrates (Bat))
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Abiotic (Explosive Dehiscence)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade, [Remarks]
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water, Little Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Fast
      Planting Distance :
      0.3 m
      Maintenance Requirements :
      [Remarks] (Remove spent flowers to prolong flowering period.)
      Pruning :
      Prune side-shoots to get tall slender plant. When plant is 30cm tall, prune central bud to encourage branching, & to get shorter and bushier form.
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
      Propagule Establishment Remarks :
      Seed leaves spoon-shaped. True leaves palmately-lobed. Seeds sowed outdoors germinate in 28-45 days.
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Rough, Sticky, Raised / Sunken Veins
      Foliar Modification :
      Spine (axillary)
      Foliar Type :
      Compound (Palmate)
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Spiral
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Palmate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire - Wavy / Undulate, Palmately Lobed
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Acute
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Microphyll ( 2.25cm2 - 20.25 cm2 )
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Stem Type & Modification :
      Herbaceous
      Root Type :
      Underground (Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Pink, White
      Inflorescence Type :
      Raceme
      Flowering Opening Time :
      Time-Independent
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Brown
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Silique)

   Last updated on:

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