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  Pteleocarpa lamponga (Miq.) Bakh. ex Heyne
  Family Name : Gelsemiaceae

  Common Names : Tembusu Tikus

Tembusu Tikus
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Big (>30m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      37 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Southern Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Borneo
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Presumed Nationally Extinct (NE))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a tree up to 37 m tall, with a bushy crown.
      Crown: Irregular and bushy.
      Foliage: Its alternate, stalked leaves have membranous to thinly leathery leaf blades that are variable in shape, withering yellow, and 2.5–14 by 1–6 cm. The base of the leaf blade gradually tapers into the leaf stalk.
      Flowers: Numerous flowers with usually bright yellow (rarely, red) petals are found in clusters on the many-branched shoots at the ends of leafy twigs.
      Fruits: Its one-seeded fruits are winged, flat, and pink to light red when ripe. The wings are broadly oval to circular, and up to 5.5 by 5 cm, with distinctly notched to deeply bifid (split into two) tips.
      Habitat :
      It grows in primary lowland and hill forests up to 600 m altitude.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect-pollinated.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Greek Ptelea, a tree from the Rutaceae (citrus family); Greek karpos, fruit, referring to the fruits resembling that of Ptelea species; Latin lamponga, of Lampong, Sumatra, referring to one locality in the natural distribution of this species
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Seeds)
      Food (Herb & Spice: The ripe seeds are used as flavouring.)
      Timber & Products (The rather durable timber is used in making roof supports.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable for parks, streetscape planting and gardens for its attractive bright yellow bunches of flowers, pink fruits and bushy crown.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Fruits, Ornamental Form
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Golden Garden, Naturalistic Garden
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Leathery, Thin
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Obovate; Elliptical)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Foliar Base :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Yellow / Golden
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Funnelform / Funnel-shaped
      Inflorescence Type :
      Compound Corymb
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Indehiscent Dry Fruit (Samara)
  • References
    • Struwe, L., Soza, V.L., Sugumaran, M., & Olmstead, R.G.. 2014. Gelsemiaceae (Gentianales) expanded to include the enigmatic Asian genus Pteleocarpa. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 175. 482 – 496
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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