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  Bambusa vulgaris
  Family Name : Poaceae (Gramineae)

  Synonyms : Bambusa auriculata

  Common Names : Common Bamboo, Golden Bamboo

  Chinese Name : 泰山竹, 龙头竹

 
Common Bamboo,Golden Bamboo
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Grass & Grass-like Plant (Tall Grass (Poaceae))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Maximum Height :
      20 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Southeast Asia, Pantropical
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Large bamboo forming erect clumps up to 20 m tall.
      Foliage: Leaves are lance-shaped with a rough leaf margin (30 cm long, 4 cm wide). About 8-9 leaves are arranged along each branch. Young leaves are bright yellow, eventually turning green and then brown.
      Stems: The woody, aboveground stems are known as culms and grow up to 4-10 cm wide. The underground part of the stem is known as a rhizome.
      Flowers: Tiny, reduced flowers known as florets are arranged in oblong, flattened spikelets (1-2 cm long). Each spikelet contains 4-12 fertile florets.
      Fruits: One-seeded, dry, indehiscent fruits are known as grains.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: Immature shoot tips are eaten as a vegetable.)
      Medicinal (In Trinidad and Tobago, the leaves are used to treat diarrhoea or parasites in dogs.), Timber & Products (Bamboo culms are used to make fences, huts, boats, furniture, and paper. Split stems are used to make brooms, baskets and musical instruments.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Stems, Ornamental Form
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Hedge / Screening, Slope Stabilization
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Zen / Minimalist Garden
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Storage Organ (Rhizome)
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Rough
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Sessile
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Lanceolate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Parallel
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Acuminate
      Foliar Base :
      Rounded / Obtuse
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Inflorescence Type :
      Spikelet / Compound Spike
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Indehiscent Dry Fruit (Caryopsis / Grain)
  • References
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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