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  Aloe tenuior Haw.
  Family Name : Asphodelaceae

  Synonyms : Aloe tenuior var. decidua, Aloe tenuior var. viridifolia, Aloe tenuior var. densiflora, Aloe tenuior var. rubriflora, Aloe tenuior var. glaucescens

  Common Names : iKhalana, Yellow Fence Aloe

iKhalana,Yellow Fence Aloe
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana, Shrub (Herbaceous)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      1.2 m to 3 m
      Maximum Plant Spread / Crown Width :
      0.6 m to 1.8 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      South Africa
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Desert / Semi-Desert; Grassland / Savannah/ Scrubland)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal, Desert / Arid
      CITES Protection :
      True (Appendix II)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Herbaceous succulent shrub, with scrambling habit, up to 3m tall by 1.8m wide.
      Foliage: Leaves fleshy, grey-green with powdery bloom. Narrowly lanceolate, sessile (stalkless), slightly cupped, curving upwards from stems and grouped into terminal rosettes. Tiny soft teeth found on leaf edges.
      Stems: Green and faintly-striped when young; cane-like and greyish-green when mature, with distinctly-ringed appearance due to persistent leaf-node scars. Stems take root along nodes upon contact with the ground, up to 3m long, arising as suckers from rootstock that eventually becomes semi-woody near ground-level.
      Flowers: Pale yellow to orangey-red, held in slender lantern-like nodding racemes, pollinated by nectar-gathering bees and other insects. Plant blooms from late autumn to early winter (May to August) in native range. Flowers not observed under local conditions.
      Fruits: Small papery dehiscent capsules, with few seeds.
      Habitat :
      Occurs in dry thickets from Eastern Cape to Southern KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa.
      Similar :
      A member of a small group of shrubby scandent aloe lookalikes, which include: Aloe ciliaris (Climbing Aloe, plus 2 varieties), Aloe commixta, Aloe gracilis and Aloe striatula (Coral Aloe).
      Taxonomy :
      Latest accepted Family (APGIII) is Xanthorrhoeaceae, formerly placed in Aloaceae and Asphodelaceae. Species was previously sub-divided into 3 subspecies, before being lumped into a single species.
      Cultivation :
      Drought-tolerant, although regular watering promotes better-looking plants. Provide well-drained conditions to prevent stem rot. If grown near other plants and exposed structures, prune periodically to prevent latter from being scrambled over. May be attacked by scale insects. Easily-propagated by stem cuttings -- let cut ends dry over a few days, before placing in well-drained rooting media or into the ground at site. Seed propagation less convenient due to difficulty in seed collection.
      Etymology :
      Genus epithet 'Aloe' derived from the Arabic ('Alloch') and Greek ('Aloe') names for plants from this genus, referring to the bitter juice obtained from the leaves. Species epithet 'tenuior' means 'thin' or 'slender', describing the plant's stringy stems.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Food (Herb & Spice )
      [Others]: Medicinal: Roots and leaves used as purgative and for expelling tapeworms. Culture: Bathwater made from the foam of leaves believed to be a powerful charm that brings good luck to the bather.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Dry Soils / Drought, Well-Drained Soils, Poor Infertile Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Green Roof, Vertical Greenery / Green Wall
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Silver Garden, Naturalistic Garden, Rockery / Desert Garden
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Spines/Thorns - Leaf, Weak Branches, [Remarks] (Tiny marginal spines on leaves)
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Bee); Insects (Ant, Beetle, Fly, Thrip, Wasp))
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Abiotic (Wind; Explosive Dehiscence)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Little Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green, Silver / Grey
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Leathery, Thick
      Foliar Modification :
      Spine (axillary)
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Lanceolate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Foliar Margin :
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Foliar Base :
      Truncate / Square
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Microphyll ( 2.25cm2 - 20.25 cm2 )
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Stem Type & Modification :
      Root Type :
      Underground (Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Yellow / Golden
      Inflorescence Type :
      Flowering Period :
      Flowering Habit :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Capsule)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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