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  Ficus villosa Blume
  Family Name : Moraceae

  Common Names : Shaggy-Leaved Fig, Villous Fig, Kelo

Shaggy-Leaved Fig,Villous Fig,Kelo
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      North-eastern India, Andaman Islands, southern China, Myanmar, Indochina, Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, Borneo, Java, Sulawesi, and the Moluccas
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest; Monsoon Forest; Freshwater Swamp Forest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a latex-containing, root-climbing fig covered with soft hairs on its vegetative parts. Young plants typically creeping prostrately up trunks or on ground. Mature plants may dangle vine-like stems across trunks and shrubs.
      Foliage: Its alternate, stalked leaves have thickly leathery leaf blades that are 9–30 by 4.5–11 cm, elliptical to ovate, with rounded or slightly heart-shaped bases when matured, and sunken venation on its upper surfaces. Its young leaves have leaf blades that are very hairy, and softer, red to greenish orange.
      Stems: Woody, flexible, covered with fine hairs, inconspicuously hidden behind leaves. All parts oif plant leak white latex when bruised.
      Flowers: Tiny, cream-coloured, massed together on inside of syconium wall. Syconia produced in clusters on stem nodes and leaf axils. Species is dioecious, with male and female flowers found on separate plants. Flowers pollinated by symbiont fig wasps.
      Fruits: Latin Ficus, commercial edible figs; Latin villosa, fairly long soft hairs, referring to the species’ hairy twigs, leaves, and figs
      Habitat :
      It grows in hill to lowland forests up to 1,700 m altitude. It is known locally from Nee Soon Swamp Forest, Bukti Timah Nature Reserve, Central Catchment Nature Reserve, and Pulau Ubin.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are pollinated by fig wasps. The ripe fruits are eaten by frugivorous birds and mammals.
      Cultivation :
      Slow-growing, takes full sun to semi-shade. Provide moist media and humidity. Relatively easy to maintain once established. Propagate by seeds or cuttings.
      Etymology :
      Genus epithet 'Ficus' derived from Latin name for edible fig Ficus carica. Species epithet 'villosa' means covered by long soft hairs, a reference to the plant's furry leaves, stems and fruits.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      Its twigs, leaves and figs are covered with soft hairs. It is suitable for gardens or parks to climb on trees.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils, Shallow Media (8 -10cm)
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Vertical Greenery / Green Wall, Terrarium
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Naturalistic Garden
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Irritant - Sap
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bird-Attracting (Fruits)
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Ant, Beetle, Fly, Thrip, Wasp))
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Vertebrates (Bat); Vertebrates (Other Mammal))
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade, Full Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Velvety / Furry / Tomentose, Hairy / Hirsute, Leathery, Raised / Sunken Veins, Thick
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Orange, Red
      Young Flush Texture(s) :
      Hairy / Hirsute
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate; Elliptical; Cordate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Foliar Base :
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Notophyll ( 20.25cm2 - 45 cm2 )
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Stem Type & Modification :
      Root Type :
      Underground (Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual Flowers (Dioecious)
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Cream / Off-White
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Inflorescence Type :
      Flowering Habit :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Velvety / Furry / Tomentose
      Fruit Classification :
      Multiple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Accessory / False Fruit (Pseudocarp): Multiple Syconium (receptacle))

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