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  Gynura bicolor DC.
  Family Name : Asteraceae (Compositae)

  Common Names : Velvet Plant, Kinjiso, Okinawan Spinach, Redflower Ragleaf, Fireweed

  Chinese Name : 紅鳳菜, 紫背天葵

Velvet Plant,Kinjiso,Okinawan Spinach,Redflower Ragleaf,Fireweed
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Herbaceous Plant
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Maximum Height :
      1 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      South and East Asia
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Annual or perennial herb up to 1 m tall.
      Foliage: The light green, fleshy leaves (15 cm long) have a reddish purple underside, are covered in soft, short hairs and have a 0.3-3 cm long petiole (leaf stalk). The lower leaves are purple, while the young, upper leaves are green.
      Stems: The hairless, ribbed stem may be red, purple or green.
      Flowers: The thistle-like, compound flower is a cylindrical head (1.3-1.6 cm long, 0.5-0.6 cm wide) composed of yellow or orange, tubular florets.
      Fruits: The dry, one-seeded fruit is known as an achene (3-4 mm long). The dark purple fruit is hairy. 
      Cultivation :
      In Singapore, Gynura bicolor needs protection from hot afternoon sun and can be grown under a shade cloth. It should be grown in well-drained, loamy soil and is sensitive to waterlogged soils. The leaves are ready to harvest after 35-40 days. When the plant reaches 20-25 cm tall, you can harvest the upper leaves (those >8-10 cm aboveground) every 1-2 weeks for 40-50 days. 
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: Leaves and young shoots are eaten in stews, soups and stir-fries. They are rich in iron and a good source of beta-carotene and calcium.)
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Flowerbed / Border, Container Planting
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Economic Garden
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Semi-Shade, [Remarks]
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Propagation Method :
      Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green, Purple
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate; Obovate; Elliptical; Spathulate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Serrate / Toothed
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Foliar Base :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Brown, Orange, Yellow / Golden
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Inflorescence Type :
      Head / Capitulum
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Indehiscent Dry Fruit
      Seed Quantity per Fruit :
      Few (1-5)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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