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  Dracaena cantleyi Baker
  Family Name : Asparagaceae

  Synonyms : Dracaena aurantiaca, Dracaena marmorata, Dracaena spicata var. aurantiaca, Pleomele aurantiaca, Pleomele cantleyi, Pleomele marmorata

  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Shrubby (1m-5m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and Borneo.
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Freshwater Swamp Forest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Vulnerable (VU))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a tall, little or unbranched tree, up to 4 m tall. It can be easily identified from the purple or purplish-green leaves with light green circular patches.
      Foliage: Its spirally arranged, stalked, leaves have leathery leaf blades that are oval to lance-shaped or egg-shaped, green with a purplish tinge and light green circular patches, and 30–90 by 10–13 cm.
      Flowers: Its flowers are 2.5 cm long, purple outside, white inside, and arranged in loose clusters of 3–4.
      Fruits: Its fruits are about 2.5 cm and orange when ripe.
      Habitat :
      It grows in damp to wet open areas of forest edges and freshwater swamps. It occurs locally in Mandai Forest and Nee Soon Swamp Forest.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect-pollinated while its fruits and seeds are probably eaten and dispersed by birds or mammals.
      Etymology :
      Greek dracaena, a dragon, referring to the bright red dried red resin, called dragon’s blood, obtained from various species including those of Dracaena; cantleyi, commemorating Nathaniel Cantley, the former curator of the Singapore Botanic Gardens (1880–1886)
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It may be suitable for parks.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Parks & Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting (Semi-Hardwood)
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green, Purple
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Green, Purple
      Young Flush Texture(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Lanceolate; Elliptical)
      Foliar Margin :
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Foliar Base :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Purple, White
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Inflorescence Type :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Berry)

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