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  Sporobolus fertilis (Steud.) Clayton
  Family Name : Poaceae (Gramineae)

  Synonyms : Sporobolus indicus var. major, Sporobolus indicus var. fertilis, Sporobolus indicus var. pallidior

  Common Names : Giant Parramatta Grass

  Chinese Name : 鼠尾粟

 
Giant Parramatta Grass
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Grass & Grass-like Plant (Tall Grass (Poaceae))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Grassy
      Maximum Height :
      0.8 m to 1.6 m
  • Biogeography
    • Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Common)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Clumping grass that grows up to 0.8-1.6 m tall.
      Foliage: Narrow, linear leaves (15-50 cm long, 0.2-0.5 cm wide) are either flat or rolled with leaf margins curled inwards. The upper surface of the leaf blade is either hairless or sparsely covered in soft, long hairs. The leaf sheath (the basal portion of the leaf which wraps around the stem) is smooth and hairless, but the margins are lined with tiny hairs.
      Fruits: The seed heads are arranged in overlapping branches that wrap around a single axis. They grow up to 0.5 m long and 1-2 cm wide.
      [Others]: This species is a significant weed in Australian pastures. Mature leaves are not palatable to cattle and damage the teeth of cattle and horses that graze on it.
      Cultivation :
      This species is generally considered a weed. It is often infected by black smut fungus.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      None
  • Landscaping Features
    • Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Invasive / Potentially Invasive
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Rosulate / Rosette
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Sessile
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Linear)
      Foliar Venation :
      Parallel
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Acute
      Foliar Base :
      Clasping
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Silver / Grey, [Remarks] (Yellowish Green)
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Terminal
      Inflorescence Type :
      Panicle, [Remarks] (The panicle is compressed into a spike-like shape.)
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      [Remarks] (Tan)
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Sticky
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Indehiscent Dry Fruit (Caryopsis / Grain)
      Mature Seed Colour(s) :
      [Remarks] (Tan)
      Seed Quantity per Fruit :
      Few (1-5)
  • References

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