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  Cyanthillium cinereum (L.) H.Rob.
  Family Name : Asteraceae (Compositae)

  Synonyms : Vernonia cinerea, Vernonia abbreviata, Vernonia arguta

  Common Names : Common Vernonia, Little Ironweed

Common Vernonia,Little Ironweed
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      0.3 m
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Herbaceous plant grows up to 1 m tall but is typically found as a small herb about 0.3 m tall.
      Foliage: Green leaves of widely variable size are oval with shallow teeth along the leaf margin. Leaf arrangement is alternate with 1 leaf per node or position on the stem.
      Flowers: Composite flowers are composed of white to light purple disc florets with no ray florets.
      Fruits: Small, brown fruits have fluffy white hairs called 'pappus' which help to disperse the fruits by wind. Each pappus is lined with 2 rows of bristly hairs.  Fruits are arranged with the pappus facing outwards, forming a puffball shape.
      Habitat :
      Commonly found along roadsides and abandoned areas.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Oval)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Serrate / Toothed
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Foliar Base :
      Rounded / Obtuse
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Purple, White
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Flower Symmetry :
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Urceolate / Urn-shaped
      Inflorescence Size :
      4 mm
      Flowering Habit :
  • References
    • Science Club River Valley High School. 1991. A Guide to the Flora and Fauna of Schools in Singapore. Singapore: Hillview Publications. 169

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