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  Agelaea borneensis (Hook.f.) Merr.
  Family Name : Connaraceae

  Synonyms : Agelaea vestitta

  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Central and west Java, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, and the Philippines
      Native Habitat :
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Vulnerable (VU))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a climber.
      Foliage: Its alternate, stalked leaves are trifoliate. The papery to thinly leathery leaflet blades have a blistered appearance, covered with hair especially at the lower surface, and seldom hairless. The terminal leaftlet blade is elliptic, egg-shaped to drop-shaped, with a pointed tip, 7–12.5 by 3.2–6 cm, and have 5–6 lateral veins. The lateral leaflet blades are oblique-oval, rarely egg-shaped or drop-shaped, with a pointed tip, 5.4–9.3 by 1.7–4 cm, and have 5–6 pairs of lateral veins.
      Flowers: Its flower clusters occur at the leaf axils, are often subtended by a rudimentary leaf, have 1–5 flower branches, and each with 7–10 flowers that are covered with hair, have white petals, and are fragrant.
      Fruits: Its fruit is egg-shaped to ellipsoid, red when ripe, 1–2 by 0.7–1.2 cm, and densely covered with hair. Its seeds are drop-shaped, smooth, and covered by a bright yellow seed coat that is reddish-brown when dry.
      Habitat :
      It grows in primary, secondary and swamp forests, often near streams and in limestone vegetation up to 1300 m altitude.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect-pollinated.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Greek agelaios, forming a flock in herds, referring to the many-flowered inflorescences, borneenis, of Borneo, referring to one locality in the natural distribution of this plant
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      [Others]: It can be used for making durable ropes to make rafts or bow-nets.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable for growing on trellises and pergolas for its attractive foliage, fragrant flowers, and orange fruits.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits, Fragrant (Flowers)
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Parks & Gardens, Trellis / Arbour / Pergola
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Hairy / Hirsute, Papery, Bulging in between Veins, Thin
      Foliar Type :
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate; Obovate; Elliptical)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Flower Symmetry :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Green - Light Green, Orange
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Velvety / Furry / Tomentose
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Follicle)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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