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  Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roem. & Schult
  Family Name : Cyperaceae

  Common Names : Common Spikerush

  Chinese Name : 沼泽荸荠

 
Common Spikerush
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Grass & Grass-like Plant
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Grassy
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Temperate Northern Hemisphere – North America, Europe, Middle East, North Africa, Nepal, Kazakhstan, China, Japan 
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial, Aquatic (Freshwater Pond / Lake / River)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Temperate
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Roots: Dense network of long creeping rhizomes (1.5–4.5 mm thick) that extends deep (around 40cm) into the soil. Adventitious roots also arise from the rhizome at the nodes. Internodes ranged from 10mm to 35mm. Haulm and rhizome axis meet at the internode region. 
      Foliage: The leaves are basal and reduced to sheaths, giving the appearance that the plant is leafless. Leaf sheaths base are basally blood–red purple. 
      Stems: The stem is upright and round; and occurs singular or in small clusters. Height usually ranged from 10–100cm depending on the depth of water, if available, in its growing environment.
      Flowers: Each stem is topped by a solitary terminal spikelet consisting of numerous inconspicuous greenish-brown flowers. The shape of a spikelet ranged from ovoid to lanceoloid (5–40mm long).
      Fruits: The small (1–2mm) biconvex scaly nutlet turns from yellowish to brownish when matured.  
      Habitat :
      Range from Terrestrial to wetlands. Elevation range from 0 m to 3000 m 
      Etymology :
      Genus name comes from the Greek words elos meaning marsh and charis meaning grace.
      Species palustris refers to marshes.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      None
  • Landscaping Features
    • Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Waterlogged Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Pond / Lake / River, Marsh / Bog
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Abiotic (Wind)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Vertebrates (Other Mammal)), Abiotic (Wind; Water)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Lots of Water, Moderate Water
      Diseases :
      Little pest or disease problems. Aphids will feed on the stem with little damage.  
      Pest(s) :
      Sucking Insects
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Root Type :
      Underground
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Terminal
      Inflorescence Type :
      Spikelet / Compound Spike
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Seed Colour(s) :
      Brown
      Mature Seed Texture(s) :
      Scaly
      Seed Quantity per Fruit :
      Numerous (>20)

   Last updated on:

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