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  Rothmannia longiflora Salisb.
  Family Name : Rubiaceae

  Synonyms : Randia maculata, Randia stanleyana

  Common Names : Terompet Gading

 
Terompet Gading
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Shrubby (1m-5m); Small (6m-15m)), Shrub (Woody)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Africa
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: An evergreen shrub to a small tree which can grow up to 9 m tall. 
      Foliage: Leaves are oppositely arranged along the stem. Leaf blade is simple, has smooth surface, elliptical in shape with entire margin. Leaf base is cuneate while apex acuminate.
      Stems: Climbing stem.
      Flowers: Solitary, trumpet-shaped, white to pale pinkish petals with purplish spots inside, tubular calyx, located terminally on the axillary branches. 
      Fruits: Berry, globose shape, green and ripens to black, smooth. Seeds are lens-shaped, and brown-red in colour.
      Habitat :
      Found in the undergrowth of primary forest and secondary forest, at elevations of up to 1700 metres. 
      Etymology :
      The specific epithet longiflora means long-flowered, which refers to the long flowers.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Medicinal (It is said to have analgesic properties, and the decoction of leaves, bark, roots and the twigs is applied in lotions and baths. In West Africa, the leaf pulp is used for kidney pain and diarrhoea with blood, drinking the leaf juice is said to help during childbirth and labour.), Agriculture / Forestry (In Sierra Leone, the stems are used to make shafts of chisel, which are used for harvesting oil palm fruit bunches.)
      [Others]: The fruits are said to be commonly used as markings on hands, body and face to imitate tattoo. A dye is made from finely crushed seeds in Nigeria. Black dye can be made from flowers. The twigs are used as chewsticks in Ghana.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It can be grown in gardens for its attractive trumpet-shaped flowers.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Acidic (low pH) Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Parks & Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Bee))
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Green
      Young Flush Texture(s) :
      Smooth
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Opposite
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Elliptical)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Acuminate
      Foliar Base :
      Cuneate
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Pink, White
      FlowerTexture(s) :
      Smooth
      Flower Grouping :
      Solitary
      Flower Location :
      Terminal
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Trumpet-shaped
      Flowering Period :
      Free-Flowering
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Black
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Smooth
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit
      Mature Seed Colour(s) :
      Brown
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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