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  Beta vulgaris (Garden Beet Group)
  Family Name : Amaranthaceae

  Common Names : Beetroot

  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Herbaceous Plant
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Biennial herb.
      Roots: The edible taproot is usually dark red to purple, but it can also be yellow or white. 
      Foliage: The oblong leaves have prominent venation which may be red, yellow or white. They are arranged in a rosette.
      Stems: It has a short underground stem which is connected to the taproot.
      Flowers: Small, bisexual flowers are arranged in a spike-like inflorescence known as a raceme. Each flower is composed of 3 carpels, 5 stamens and 5 sepals (the outermost layer of the flower) with no petals, and there is a narrow green bract below which is a modified leaf. Prolonged cold exposure at about 4-7 degrees Celsius is required to induce the root to produce a flowering stalk up to 1.2-1.8 m tall.
      Fruits: The dry, indehiscent fruit is known as a nutlet and contains a single, round to kidney-shaped seed.
      Cultivation :
      Beets are a cool season crop which will be difficult to grow outdoors in Singapore to obtain the beetroot. However, young leaves could be harvested by planting indoors near a sunny windowsill or under partial shade outdoors. Although they prefer full sun in temperate climates, afternoon sun is too hot for them in Singapore. They grow best in sandy, well-drained soils. The root can be harvested 7-8 weeks after sowing, and new leaves can be harvested from immature plants.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves; Edible Storage Organs)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: Beetroot can be eaten raw or cooked in a variety of ways, such as roasting, boiling and baking. The roots are sweet (containing up to 10% sugar) and rich in vitamin C, folate, antioxidants and fiber. The young leaves can be added to salads and are rich in vitamins A, C and E. )
  • Landscaping Features
    • Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils, Saline Soils / Salt Spray, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Economic Garden
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Abiotic (Wind)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed / Spore Germination Duration :
      7 Days to 14 Days
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Raised / Sunken Veins
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Green, Red
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Indehiscent Dry Fruit (Nut / Nutlet)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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